In This Post, I Tell You How To Design & Planning Office Building Step by Step.
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The planning procedure of an Office Building :
This is where the office staff or the employees perform their daily routine. This office has some rules and regulations. The office building can be a single-story skyscraper starting from the ground floor, depending on the specific needs of the owner or the government.
Building a building without rules and regulations is extremely criminal. Likewise, some rules and regulations have to be followed when planning the office building. Without this policy, office building planning is not possible.
The following is a list of office building plans:
#1. Entrance: The entrance to the office should be at the place where the office is. Employees or officers can easily enter.
The entrance to the office building must be separate and direct from the road. The boundaries of the entrance building should be along the adjacent road. The attraction and value of the building increase on the road to the building.
#2. Circulation: The movement of gateways into separate rooms or between different rooms on the same floor. Each building has an entrance from one room to another. Passages, corridors, lobbies, foyers, etc. are used as horizontal movements and as stairs, escalators, and elevators.
#3. The aspect of Orientation: Office building should be placed in such a way that most of the rooms in the office have the advantage of direction. Drafting rooms, meeting rooms should be monitored so that the sun can easily come in the sun.
#4. Flexibility: Flexibility is called planning for the purpose of building hacks regardless of the purpose.
#5. wide space: After the entrance to the office building, there should be ample space for corridors, lobbies, etc. So that there is no difficulty in arriving and moving the building
#6. Day Lighting: The purpose of limiting the use of electric lamps is to keep the doors of the office building, the size of the windows large, the arrangement of skylights and fan lights. The office building shall be located at a distance from the adjoining building so that it can easily enter the building during the day.
#7. Aesthetic: The beauty of Office Building depends largely on the ratio of the length, width and height of its structure. In addition, the size and number of the door windows and their location, size and shape also depend on the beauty of the exterior of the building.
#8. Cross ventilation: Doors and windows in the building should be placed opposite or opposite to the door and window. The air circulation of the entire building should be taken into account when considering the air circulation in the room, taking into account the location of the adjoining front and rear corridors and corridors.
9. Furniture Requirements: Types and quantities of furniture vary according to the variations of the general office and private office. Each room and building should be planned to show the furniture location of the building. It does not obstruct the position of the door window and any obstacles.
#10. Choice of Dimension for Site and Room: Keeping the front of the building low is economically affordable because the cost of the decoration is low to enhance the beauty. The rectangular cells are more convenient than the square cells of the building. In addition, other rooms and different parts of the building should serve the proper purpose and measurements should be set with the target
#11. Economy: When planning office building, you need to be careful when determining room sizes. Most reasonable benefits are available within an acceptable spending limit. Besides. Proper fixtures, fittings, and quality of the building should be taken into consideration.
#12. Privacy: Office Building has some branches that work to protect privacy. In this case, the dividing walls of these branches are made of opaque glass instead of transparent glass. And the number of door windows will be lower compared to other rooms.
#13. Sanitation: Detailed design of water supply and sanitation system of the building is required. The system should be neat so that the excreta from the toilet of the building go to Soil Pipe and Wastewater Pipe to Septic Tani or Sewer Line. That is, the person staying in the building. Do not threaten the health of the people.
#14. Grouping: Depending on the interconnection between different rooms of the building, the decoration is called subdivision formation. Different rooms have to be arranged in different rooms depending on the correct relationship.
The administrative buildings should be located in the center of the office building. Grouping should be taken into consideration in matters of correlation, easy communication, service and so on.
Basic Grid Layout Adopted for Framing:
Framing: Column of the building – in line with the main center of the column. Placing horizontal members up to the center of another column is called framing, or framing, the area that is created.
Grid: Grid is called the column of the building to be conveniently dispersed in a certain measure. The multi-storeyed Axis Building – all its plans depend on a basic grid layout. On the basic grid where there is usually Contraction Brick, Stone Pires, Steel, Steel Stone and – Concrete Freshening.
Every site of commercial buildings – in most of its buildings. It can be built as a commercial building. The lower floor of a commercial building is commonly used for parking areas, various types of showrooms, shops and so on.
If the floor is planned for the store, the front is considered. If the shops are of different sizes, then 10 ‘0’ to 14 ‘- 0 “frontage is used. It is much less affordable than a 12 ‘to 15’ span.
On the Ground Floor, 18 ‘0’ ‘Frontage Spacing for the shop, on the other hand, divides by 20’ – 0 ‘and two side shops/offices with 5’ – 0 “wide corridors. It is best to place 20 “- 0” in the back of the office for office Courtyard instead of 15 “- 0” for office room and 5 “- 0” for Courtyard. Can be used
The Grid policy must be very carefully maintained when planning an office, especially in areas where office space is unknown so roof splitting walls are unstable. But these dividing walls must be financially affordable.
If the units are not considered in the shop calculation, the ground floor units should be 12 ‘- 15’, which can be used as other offices. The current frame is not beamed into the building.
Construction of buildings with Flat Slab. The advantage of this Flat slab is that the floor can be split into walls according to your preferences and needs.
Office Building Work Flow:
We can perform the various activities organized inside the building properly and quickly through
some continuous process. All jobs have some consistent procedures. This is done through a
continuous process. Similarly, in order to increase the speed of work in the office building, the following things should be taken into consideration.
#1. Measure the Potential: Employees and executives of a company or organization need to look at the working pattern and how they are using the space. To measure the likelihood of office space, one must verify what activities are being organized day after day in the office space.
It would be wrong to take any idea that is approximate. Those who have been designated to do all the workspace in the office should monitor how long they are working there and whether space is being used properly. Space should be divided according to the nature of the work speed.
#2. Transforming Technology: Technology has a tremendous impact on the use of space. Technology changes bring space to work, maximizes the use of space and allows more work to be done in less space.
An employee can work conveniently anywhere in his house, using technology such as laptops, cell phones, Wi-Fi, etc. in the public place. This allows him to make accurate use of his information anywhere and to know the details.
#3. Consider Company Culture: The culture of the office depends largely on the nature of the work, the educational eligibility of the staff, religion. The environment of any organization depends on the culture of the organization which influences the speed of office work.
To speed up the work of the office. Employees’ own mindset changes the culture of the office. So it can be said that office officers and employees can provide nice office space.
#4. Communication and Change Management: If an employee takes his / her responsibility eagerly, completes the task, then he/she has the knowledge of the method and the process in which he/she will complete the task, which can be accomplished successfully.
If the fraudulent system is good, that is, it is able to dramatically change the management of information exchanges, personal betting and so on. Many times a lot of negatives. Things can also be brought about positively if the management of the Office with internal and external organizations. Well done. When making any changes to the Office, employees need feedback before and after the change.
This enables employees to have a sound idea about the management of the organization and increases their work speed. The speed of work in an office building depends on the nature of the space partition. Either. Such as an Architectural Consulting Firm where lakes of various ranks will work together.
Here, the range of work needs to be determined for them, with a view to which a person’s working relationship is greater. On the other hand, a broker house where the shares are ted and traded There is a high proportion of office workers working with shareholders. Office Space should be partitioned exactly as it is supposed to work.
The Straight Line Principle:
An office usually has a planned job. That is, the work of an office is performed from one table to another in a planned manner. If the process is straightforward, then
Will remain dynamic. Crisis – If there is no cross mobility or backward movement, there is no work mobility. Generally, a straight line policy is adopted for banks, insurance, pay office, etc.
When planning a straight line, it should be noted that its speed is correct and that it can move smoothly from one table to another. However, the straight-line method cannot be used in all activities
Work Station: Units, furniture, and appliances are reduced for all work stations – personal or free-range. The work area can be used seamlessly. Some of the workplace policies are followed.
The following are the policies of Work Station:
(i) Two rows of Desk layout is considered in the game range. Partition is like a bank between these two rows. In this, the highest performance is created by maintaining privacy on both sides.
(ii) The desk should be one-sided. Desk – so work is faster, easier, and cleaner and more attractive.
(iii) Work Area – Mainly free and Supervision reception or Secretary is nearby.
(iv) A 6 ‘distance from the front of a desk is maintained. If in two rows | If the desk is the middle distance is kept at a maximum of 7 ‘.
(vi) Employees or officers should not be near the entrance to the office building to meet desk visitors.
(vi) A private office is built primarily on the needs of the owner. Desk position in this office This is where the door is visible from anywhere.
Executive Core’s idea of modern construction considering the range of accommodations for outside visitors. Come on Includes Lift, Staircase, Lobby, Plant, Service Area, Ducts, Toilets, Core Area.
Block office installations in modern office buildings, with ample room for air-conditioning and corridors for interior movement. Is used